What is polycystic kidney illness?

PKD stands for polycystic kidney disease characterized by the formation of multiple cysts on kidney surface causes enhance in its dimension and weight. The burden of cyst stuffed kidney can reach 20-30 pounds. It’s the most common heredity kidney disorder passes down through families. If each dad and mom are services of this illness there may be a 50% probability for baby to develop this disease but when one of many dads and mom carries it the possibility of its incidence in little one stays 25%. In this case, the youngster does not develop it but simply passes it to the subsequent generation.

Types of polycystic kidney illness

This illness occurs in two kinds. Autosomal dominant PKD reveals signs in maturity whereas Autosomal recessive PKD shows signs in infancy and early childhood.

In Autosomal dominant PKD, there’s a likelihood for a person to dwell for a number of years so it is usually referred to as “adult polycystic kidney illness”. Signs of Autosomal dominant PKD are stomach pain, the ache in the back and a lower portion, extreme urination at nighttime, headache, hypertension, irregular coronary heart valves, kidney stones, nail abnormalities, drowsiness, and painful menstruation, etc. Other severe circumstances embrace hematuria, aneurysms (bulges in walls of blood vessels), and diverticulosis (small pouches bulge outward by way of the colon). Hematuria (blood in urine) may be categorized into microscopic and gross hematuria. In microscopic hematuria blood spots are so small that they’ll only be seen by way of a microscope. Whereas in gross hematuria giant spots of blood may be seen via bare eye.

Autosomal recessive PKD is an uncommon kind brought on by mutation in the Autosomal recessive PKD gene (PKHD1). Indicators of this form of PKD seem before birth so it is usually called “childish PKD”. In lots of cases child with Autosomal recessive PKD develops kidney failure earlier than reaching adulthood. The severity of this condition varies from case to case as in some instances’ children die after some hours or days because of respiratory difficulties or total respiratory failure. Its signs are hypertension, urinary tract infection, frequent urination, effects on liver and spleen, low blood cells depend, varicose veins and hemorrhoids (formation of plenty or clamps of tissues inside anal canal), etc. The growth factor is considered the main characteristic of Autosomal recessive PKD as the baby exhibits much less growth activity (smaller in dimension) than a common progress rate.

The remedy of polycystic kidney disease

It is very important to keep in mind that there is no such thing as a specific remedy for PKD. However, antibiotics can be utilized for ache reduction, and for urine related problems. Dialysis and kidney transplantation are also used as alternative strategies to avoid the severity of polycystic kidney disease.

Polycystic kidney disease diet

When a person is diagnosed with PKD, it is essential to follow the best polycystic kidney disease diet. There is no definite cure once the condition has taken hold, but eating the proper diet can keep kidneys healthy for a longer period of time.

– Phosphorus and potassium. One of the jobs of the kidneys is to keep potassium and phosphorus at correct levels in the blood. When kidneys begin to have problems, these organs stop working properly and levels of phosphorus and potassium tend to rise to a high level. It is best to eat foods low in potassium like onions, mushrooms, and peppers. Foods like potatoes, oranges, beans, broccoli, and tomatoes should be eliminated since they are high in potassium. It is also best to avoid milk, beer, chocolate, and soda since they are high in phosphorus.

– To cut protein. As the liver breaks protein down in the body, it leaves behind urea, a waste product that the kidneys must excrete. Therefore, too much protein will add a great deal of stress on the kidneys beyond the strain they are already under. To cut protein, a person should limit cheese, meat, and beans in daily meals. As the main course, a person can try filling up on grains and other fresh vegetables instead. Healthy fat may also be used to sustain adequate calorie intake. In the end, evidence suggests that a diet low in protein will give people with PKD and additional year without the need for dialysis treatment.

– Add flaxseed and soy. Even though most protein must be limited in a polycystic kidney disease diet, one variety that may be beneficial is soy. Scientific studies have shown that soy can slow the disease in test animals. The best soy to eat is tofu, tempeh, and miso. Flaxseed oil is filled with omega 3 fatty acids which tend to act as anti-inflammatories and lower lipid levels. This helps people suffering from PKD as well.

– Cut back on salt and oxalic acid. It is essential to keep the body’s electrolytes in balance for individuals who are following a beneficial polycystic kidney disease diet. Sodium, calcium, and magnesium are all examples of important minerals called electrolytes. Once again, the kidneys are responsible to keep these items at the proper levels. Most people eat a great amount of salt which causes an imbalance in these levels. This is the reason why people with PKD often get high blood pressure. To reduce salt in the diet, a person can stay away from processed food like lunch meat and canned veggies and soup.

For those who still crave flavor, a person can try to use spices and herbs like onion and garlic powder in place of table salt. Many people fail to realize that condiments like soy sauce and ketchup also contain high levels of salt as well. Oxalic acid is a chemical that is present in some types of vegetables. It provides no benefit to the body and does not affect healthy organs. However, when kidneys are already strained, this chemical may make the condition worse. Foods rich in oxalic acid include beets, eggplant, and spinach. It is best to limit these foods while following a healthy polycystic kidney disease diet.

There is no complete cure for the condition, but it does help to follow a proper polycystic kidney disease diet. Even though a person must dedicate a great amount of effort into eating the correct foods, it will be worth it. In the end, it will help to maintain positive kidney health as long as possible.


The article is written by licensed urologists: Dr. David M. Kaufman and David M. Weiner, MD. If you have any questions after reading the article, you can contact us by asking a question in the feedback form

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