The kidneys are important organs of the body. They have a variety of functions that include regulatory roles. They are responsible for the regulation of electrolytes, maintenance of the acid-base balance, and blood pressure regulation.

Having healthy kidneys is very essential since they perform core functions in the body. Unfortunately, there are a lot of people who suffer from kidney problems. One of which is known as an acute inflammation of the kidneys or fibrous capsules. Inflammation of the fibrous capsule of the kidney can be a consequence of purulent pyelonephritis. This medical condition is known as paranephritis.

Paranephritis is caused by staphylococcus, Escherichia coli, and other types of microorganisms.

Kidneys are responsible for excreting waste products and other toxins out of the body. Second, they are also responsible for balancing water and salt levels in your blood. When your kidneys fail to function well, it can result in life-threatening complications that can be really dangerous.

Symptoms of paranephritis

Paranephritis can cause sharp pain because of the inflammation that its bacterial infection causes. Back pain and abdominal pain are significant symptoms.

Kidney pain is felt on the flanks that are on the lower back part under the rib cages. This is one symptom that is commonly felt when there is a kidney problem. Pain or burning sensation felt upon urination, frequent urination, and blood or pus in the urine are common symptoms indicating paranephritis disease. Fever, swelling on the face, eyes, feet, and ankles are also symptoms of kidney problems.

Those are the symptoms that you need to look out for. Early identification and diagnosis are important so that appropriate interventions and treatment may be done and thus avoiding the progression of the disease and avoid complications as well.

What causes of paranephritis

Distinguish between primary and secondary paranephritis. Primary paranephritis occurs in the absence of kidney disease as a result of infection of the paranephric tissue by the hematogenous route from distant foci of purulent inflammation in the body (furuncle, osteomyelitis, pulpitis, tonsillitis, etc.). The trauma of the lumbar region, hypothermia, and other exogenous factors contribute to its development.

Secondary paranephritis occurs as a complication of a purulent-inflammatory process in the kidney: in some cases, with the direct spread of pus from the site of inflammation (kidney abscess, pyonephrosis), with pyelonephritis, the infection spreads through lymph and blood. Infection into the perinephric tissue can also come from inflammatory foci in neighboring organs with paracystitis, appendicitis, kidney abscess, pleurisy, lung abscess. Secondary paranephritis occurs in 80% of cases.

Risk factors

There are various risk factors that are attributed to a kidney infection. When you are aware of the different risk factors, you can be more mindful of your actions and you can have preventive means to avoid factors that can trigger or can worsen the condition. So, what are the different risk factors for kidney infection? For one, pregnant women and sexual intercourse are but just some major risk factors that are attributed to this condition. If you have a history of kidney stones as well as a urinary tract infection, you are at a higher risk of having a kidney infection. People who suffer from diabetes also face the same risk. A person who is in severe condition is also at high risk of having a kidney infection. Any inflammation in the body can give such a complication as paranephritis. Accordingly, weak immunity, autoimmune diseases, chronic diseases, and untimely treatment of infections of other organs can lead to the development of acute paranephritis.

How to treat and prevent kidney infection

To treat the pain, a doctor prescribes antibiotics to patients to kill the bacteria and control the infection. The usual antibiotics are amoxicillin and cephalosporin.

There are still other diseases that have kidney pain as one of its symptoms, and should not be eliminated as possible causes. Thus, it is best to consult a doctor.

Timely untreated pyelonephritis gives serious purulent complications on the perinephric structures. But this can be avoided if acute infection of the excretory system is not allowed.

These include making dietary and lifestyle changes and drinking plenty of liquids especially water. Following a healthy, well- balanced and kidney-friendly diet will make a lot of difference. Along with diet modifications is making lifestyle changes like exercising regularly and reducing caffeine intake. Also, it is important that you do not postpone your urge to urinate. Postponing urination would mean that the kidneys will reabsorb the toxins that were intended to be eliminated from the body. When nature calls, be sure that you act promptly. And so if you don’t want to experience the kidney problem symptoms, then take action today and start living and eating healthy and keep your kidney healthy.

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